A defendant is liable for negligent misrepresentation if he (1) supplies false information (2) for the guidance of others in their business transactions (3) causing pecuniary loss to the plaintiff (4) while the plaintiff justifiably relied upon the information (5) and the defendant failed to exercise reasonable care or competence in obtaining or communicating the information. Delman v. City of Cleveland Heights, 41 Ohio St.3d 1, 534 N.E.2d 835, 838 (Ohio 1989). Courts have also recognized that a claim for negligent misrepresentation requires “a special relationship under which the defendant supplied information to the plaintiff for the latter’s guidance in its business transaction.” Ziegler v. Findlay Indus., Inc., 464 F.Supp.2d 733, 738 (N.D.Ohio 2006). Therefore he has failed to state a claim for negligent misrepresentation.
Because SexSearch is a service and Doe has not alleged that the dispute concerns the sale of goods, he has not stated a claim for breach of warranty
Count Five alleges a breach of warranty, likewise based on the same warning about users being over eighteen. Under Ohio Rev.Code § , “[a]ny affirmation of fact or promise made by the seller to the buyer which relates to the goods http://hookupdate.net/it/fabswingers-review and becomes part of the basis of the bargain creates an express warranty that the goods shall conform to the affirmation or promise.” The section only applies to the sale of goods, not to services. See Brown v. Christopher Inn Co., 45 Ohio App.2d 279, 344 N.E.2d 140 (Ohio Ct.App.1975) (holding that § does not apply when there is no sale of goods, as defined by the Uniform Commercial Code).
Counts Six through Ten allege violations of the Ohio Consumer Sales Practices Act. Counts Six and Seven allege deceptive trade practices in violation of Ohio Rev.Code § . When determining whether an act or practice is deceptive, the court views the incident from the consumer’s standpoint. Chesnut v. Progressive Cas. Ins. Co., 166 Ohio App.3d 299, 850 N.E.2d 751, 757 (Ohio Ct.App.2006). “The basic test is one of fairness; the act need not rise to the level of fraud, negligence, or breach of contract.” Id. “Furthermore, a deceptive act has the likelihood of inducing a state of mind in the consumer that is not in accord with the facts.” Id. Here, there was no likelihood that SexSearch’s warning that all users are over eighteen would induce a state of mind in Doe that was not in accord with the facts. He had agreed to the Terms and Conditions, which state that SexSearch is not responsible for verifying users’ ages, and had gone through the registration process himself and thus knew that SexSearch took no steps to check the accuracy of users’ promises that they are eighteen. Because the warning was not deceptive, when viewed from Doe’s perspective, Counts Six and Seven do not state a claim for deceptive sales practices.
The information at issue in this case was not supplied to guide others in their business transactions; nor is Doe complaining about any pecuniary losses; nor (as noted) was his reliance justifiable; nor has he alleged any “special relationship” between himself and SexSearch
Counts Eight through Ten allege unconscionable acts in violation of Ohio Rev.Code § , which states: “No supplier shall commit an unconscionable act or practice in connection with a consumer transaction.” Ohio Rev.Code § (A). When determining whether an act is unconscionable, a court should consider, among other things, “[w]hether the supplier required the consumer to enter into a consumer transaction on terms the supplier knew were substantially one-sided in favor of the supplier.” Id. § (B)(5). The allegedly unconscionable acts at issue here are the inclusion of: a clause limiting damages to the amount of the contract (Count Eight), a clause allowing SexSearch to cancel the contract at any time (Count Nine), and unspecified clauses that are substantially one-sided (Count Ten).